第1章 英国简介(1)

Ⅰ. Multiple choice.

1. Who were the ancestors of the English and the founders of England?[北二外2008研]

A. The

Anglo-Saxons.

B. The Vikings.

C. The Normans.

D. The Romans.

【谜底】A检察谜底

【解析】盎格鲁-撒克逊人是日耳曼民族的分支,于五世纪中期由北欧入侵大不列颠,成为当今英格兰人的先人。

2. Which of the following was the man who crushed various rebellions in Ireland and settled English and Scottish Protestants there by giving them land?[北京交大2005研;首都师范大学2008研]

A. Oliver Cromwell

B. King Charles Ⅰ

C. William Ⅰ

D. William Ⅲ

【谜底】A检察谜底

【解析】克伦威尔,英国政治家、军事家、宗教魁首;他破坏了爱尔兰的屡次叛逆,并将地皮分给英格兰和苏格兰新教徒。

3. In which of the following years did Julius Caesar invade Britain?[首都师范大学2009研]

A. 55 BC

B. 54 BC

C. 54 AD

D. 43 AD

【谜底】A检察谜底

【解析】Julius Caesar凯撒,罗马共和国末期专制统治者、政治家、军事统帅;他于公元前55年入侵英国。

4. Which of the following peoples were the ancestors of the Welsh?[首都师范大学2009研]

A. The Celts.

B. The Romans.

C. The Danes.

D. The Anglo-Saxons.

【谜底】A检察谜底

【解析】英国威尔士人的先人为凯尔特人;盎格鲁-撒克逊人是英格兰人的先人。

5. The Church

of England founded by Henry Ⅷ was named in England as _____.[中山大学2009研]

A. Catholic

B. Anglican

C. Puritan

D. Episcopal

【谜底】B检察谜底

【解析】亨利八世,英都城铎王朝第二任国王;因教皇分歧意其仳离的请求,亨利八世在英国推广宗教鼎新,离开罗马上帝教廷,引进新教,创建了英国国教(the Church of England),也被称为圣公会(Anglican Church);宗教鼎新使英国王权获得高度集中。

6. Christianity was first introduced into Britain by _____.[北京交大2007研;对外经贸2003研]

A. the Celt

B. The Romans

C. the Viking Danes

D. the Norman-French

【谜底】B检察谜底

【解析】公元前55年,罗马人入侵英国,把基督教引进了英国。

7. Three of the following are the main activities of the City of London. Which is

the exception?[北京交大2006研]

A. Government administration.

B. Buying and selling co妹妹odities.

C. Providing services and finance for co妹妹ercial investment.

D. Stock exchanges.

【谜底】A检察谜底

【解析】伦敦是世界最首要的金融中间之一;重要勾当包含交易商品,为贸易投资供给办事和资金和股票买卖。选项A不包括在内,为准确谜底。

8. Britain doesn’t share any land border with any other countries except _____.

A. the Republic of Ireland

B. France

C. Iceland

D. Norway

【谜底】A检察谜底

【解析】英国位于大不列颠群岛,被北海、英吉祥海峡、凯尔特海、爱尔兰海和大西洋包抄,仅与同属大不列颠群岛的爱尔兰共和国交界。

9. As King Alfred was not able to drive the Danes out of England, he made a treaty with them, allowing them to keep the northern and eastern parts of England, which later became known as _____.

A. the Danelaw

B. Wessex

C. Sussex

D. Normandy