考研英语二试卷中,新题型应该算是最受考生喜欢的题型了。针对一篇长度约为450~550词的文章给定7个概括句或小标题,要求考生根据文章内容从这7个选项中选出最恰当的5个填入文章段落前的空白处,其中2个是干扰选项。这个题型做题速度快,性价比高,原因就在于它基本上靠技巧去解题,但是也需要有基础的辅助。下面展示一下新题型的考察形式以及技巧。

技巧一:直接找段落

中心句,匹配所给选项。段落中心句往往往往出现在段中转折处、段首或段末。

  43._____

  It’s common to have a“cubicle mate” or special confidant in a work setting. But in addition to those trusted coworkers, you should expand your horizons and find out about all the people around you. Use your lunch and coffee breaks to meet up with colleagues you don’t always see. Find out about their lives and interests beyond the job. It requires minimal effort and goes a long way. This will help to gTow your internal network, in addition to being a nice break in the work day.

  [A]Give compliments, just not too many.

  [B] Put on a good face, always.

  [C] Tailor your interactions.

  [D] Spend time with everyone.

  [E] Reveal, don’ t hide, information.

  [F] Slow down and listen.

  [G] Put yourselves in others’ shoes.

  根据段落转折句,“除了那些你信任的同事,你还应该扩大你的圈子,并且寻找所有你身边的人。因此就是要和每个人在一起。答案选D。

技巧二:找段落中复现的单词或者词组

  41.______

  Fear is both useful and harmful. This normal human reaction is used to protect us by signaling danger and preparing us to deal with it. Unfortunately, people create inner barriers with a help of exaggerating fears. My favorite actor Will Smith once said, “Fear is not real. It is a product of thoughts you create. Do not misunderstand me. Danger is very real. But fear is a choice.” I do completely agree that fears are just the product of our luxuriant imagination.

  [A]You are not alone

  [B]Experience helps you grow

  [C]Pave your own unique path

  [D]Most of your fears are unreal

  [E]Think about the present moment

  [F]Don’t fear responsibility for your life

  [G]There are many things to be grateful for

  根据段落内容,我们可以找到一个反复出现的词fear,答案在D和F中去选,回文章发现fear是名词,再加上文中有一句“Fear is not real.”更加确定答案选D。

技巧三:重点看有so,therefore 的句子,一般这种句子都是做总结。

  44. ______

  Imagine you are pouring your heart out to someone and they are just busy on their phone,and if you ask for their attention you get the response “I can multitask”

  So when someone tries to communicate with you,just be in that communication wholeheartedly.Make eye contact.Trust me,eye contact is where all the magic happens.When you make eye contact,you can feel the conversation.

  本段小标题下有2个段落,在第二个段落中有so,所以重点看本句:“当别人和你交流的时候,全身心地投入到交流之中”,基本可以断定答案为A。present意为“在场的”即为be in that communication wholeheartedly.

  技巧四:关注祈使句以及you need to或者we need to,小标题考察的都是给你的一些建议,所以祈使句即为作者需要你做的事情。

  41. ______

  What does a child do when he’s sad?He cries.When he’s angry?He shouts.Scared?Probably a bit of both.As we grow up,we learn to control our emotions so they are manageable and don’t dictate our behaviours,which is in many ways a good thing.But too often we take this process too far and end up suppressing emotions,especially negative ones.that’s about as effective as brushing dirt under a carpet and can even make us ill.What we need to do is find a way to acknowledge and express what we feel appropriately,and then-again,like children-move.

  [A]Be silly

  [B]Have fun

  [C]Express your emotions

  [D]Don’t overthink it

  [E]Be easily pleased

  [F]Notice things

  [G]Ask for help

  本句中出现What we need to do句式,也是末句,重点关注。本句意为“我们需要做的事情是找到方式承认并且合适地表达我们的感觉,像孩子一样继续前进”。再加上本段反复出现emotion,feel,所以答案为D。